Moreover, he made improvements to San Carlos for the benefit of his wards. John Clum left Alaska in 1909. Clum wrote of his first impression: “Of all the desolate, isolated, human habitations! His descendants still live in Alaska territory and also in Oregon...[citation needed], Sam Melville was cast as Clum in the 1970 episode, "Clum's Constabulary", on the syndicated television anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Dale Robertson. [7] The Apaches nicknamed him "Nantan Betunnikiyeh", "Nantan", meaning boss or leader, "Betunnykahyeh" meaning high-forehead, or "Boss With The High Forehead", referring to his baldness. He helped organize the Tombstone Vigilance Committee to fight the prevailing lawlessness of the early 1880’s. Clum's feuds with the military escalated. The heat was terrible. Being the surly bastard that he was, Geronimo responded “ that if I (Clum) spoke with discretion no serious harm would be done to us.” This indicated to Clum that his trap had not been discovered. District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com. Home Streaming & DVD New on Netflix New on Hulu New on Amazon Prime Movies In Theaters Coming Soon Showtimes & Tickets Movie Theaters Made In ... 'Tombstone Epitaph' Editor John P. Clum. Lean dogs, mangy, inert.”. While mayor he became lifelong friends with Wyatt Earp and became one of his greatest supporters. Lacking sufficient funds to continue his formal education, he dropped out of college in his second year, and, in 1871, signed up for the U.S. Army Signal Corp that had just established a weather station in Santa Fe, New Mexico. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum.[1]. In September, 1870, he enrolled at Rutgers College. In his memoirs, Clum wrote that he told the renegades if they listened “with good ears” no harm would come to them. Clum's success gave the US Army a black eye; it was the only time Geronimo was captured at gunpoint without a shot fired on either side. At the age of nineteen he graduated at the Hudson River Institute, and entered the freshman class of Rutger’s College, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Corral and was known for his opposition to the Earps.Behan was sheriff of Yavapai County from 1871 to 1873. He became Tombstone’s first mayor elected under the new city charter of 1881. Six started to run but Beauford was already in position to level his rifle at them and they stopped in their tracks. Corral [Blu-ray] [1957] at Best Buy. John Clum briefly made his mark in the world of college football. Although various articles list Stuart Lake's 1931 book "Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshall" as an additional source text for the film, the book is not credited in the SAB or any contemporary reviews. Tris Coffin was cast as Captain Loren Phillips and John Considine as Lago.[20]. The stagecoach was fired upon by unknown assailants. Clum became the first mayor of Tombstone and also the first publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph before moving in 1886 to San Bernardino where he engaged in the real estate business. [7] Clum tired of the Army's constant meddling in his management of the reservation and the lack of support from the Indian Bureau, the very people who a short time previously had sought him out specifically as a man who would make a good Agent.[8]. The water was terrible. See more ideas about tombstone, earp, american history. [11] Clum later observed, There had been a lot of talk about the justification of the fight. He left his post as Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1877, nearly three years after he had arrived. Two weeks later he was dispatched to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he became a weather observer. [7] His successor freed Geronimo and his men, leading to fifteen years of bloodshed and Indian wars until Geronimo was re-captured by General Miles on September 4, 1886, finally ending the Indian Wars. Here, according to Daklugie, the Apaches experienced the “shaking disease”. When Wyatt, his brothers Virgil and Morgan, and Wyatt’s close friend Doc Holliday, shot and killed 3 “cowboys” on Fremont Street near the OK Corral, he was one of their staunchest supporters. In April 1877 the Interior Department ordered Clum to remove the bands at Ojo Caliente to San Carlos as well. Clum called him “Skimmy” and thought Eskiminzin was a loyal follower. Hart, who freed Geronimo? But is that what really happened? [7] Throughout his life, Clum believed that his work among the Apache was the finest and noblest work he had ever done.[2]. Clum later became the first mayor of Tombstone, Arizona Territory, after its incorporation in 1881. On December 14, Clum was on a stagecoach en route to Benson to catch a train for Washington, D.C., where he planned to spend Christmas with his parents and son. Whit Bissell (John P. Clum) appeared in that series famous episode The Trouble With Tribbles. During Clum's tenure at San Carlos, he treated the Apaches as friends, established the first Indian Tribal Police and a Tribal Court, forming a system of Indian self-rule. With a discrete signal, Capt. Fifty years later, Clum wrote: “Who cut the rivets that held his shackles and released him from the guard-house at San Carlos I do not know.”. Instantly, Sgt. Clum was ordered to round up all the Chiricahuas and take them to San Carlos. Some days later, at Fort Bowie, Clum had a chat with them. On April 21, Clum and his policemen arrived at the rendezvous place were they were to meet 8 companies of the 9th Cavalry to assist in forcing perhaps 500 Apaches from their homeland. Mar 16, 2017 - Explore Barbara Clum's board "wyett earp and john clum Tombstone Az" on Pinterest. Clum and his wife moved to Florence, Arizona Territory and bought a weekly newspaper, the Arizona Citizen then operating in Tucson, but he moved it to Florence. You’ve been successfully subscribed to our newsletter! He was willing. [18], While in Nome, Alaska in the summer of 1900, Clum met his old friends, Wyatt Earp and George W. Parsons. Oh, the irony! Who was the only man to release Geronimo from captivity? [8], After silver was discovered in Tombstone in 1877, Clum moved to Tombstone and began publication, on Saturday, May 1, 1880 of The Tombstone Epitaph. He and his newspaper had consistently supported the lawmen. In November 1870, he was on the Rutgers squad that lost to Princeton 6-2; it may have been the third ever game. But that night, about 700 Chiricahua Apaches of the Bedonkohi and Nednhi bands slipped away and headed straight for Mexico. At the age of 22, a cocky, ambitious John Clum was appointed to the post of Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation. What a vast amount of expense, tribulation, distress, and bloodshed would have been avoided if this arrest had been followed swiftly by prosecution, conviction and execution – thus dropping the name GERONIMO into oblivion before it had become generally notorious outside of territorial frontier limits.”. Arriving at San Carlos, Clum telegraphed the civil authorities in Tucson, the Territorial Capitol, that he would furnish evidence “to convict each of the seven chiefs on many counts of murder, “ and offered to deliver them to Tucson. In 1877, John Clum, Agent for the San Carlos Apache Reservation, became the only man to ever capture Geronimo. © 2010 - 2020 Southern Arizona Guide, LLC Design by Devil Dog Productions, LLC, Making Lemonade | The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures, Art in the Park – Exuberance: An Artistic Botanical Experience, SculptureTucson & TBG to Unveil New Exhibit, First Sunday of the month Antique Vintage Fair, Mexican Mondays at Catalina Brewing Company. Clum knew that a number of Indian Agents had already come and gone. His parents were William Henry and Elizabeth van Deusen Clum of Dutch and German descent; he had five brothers and three sisters: Henry W. Clum, Jane E. Clum, Cornelia Clum, Sarah E. Clum, George A. Clum, Robert A. Clum, Cornelius N. Clum, and Alfred Clum. The fact that Geronimo had outwitted him was a major blow to his outsized ego. [2] He inherited a legacy of violence and mayhem, and a military presence which showed both animosity toward the Indians and disdain for the civilian Indian Agents. According to Clum, the civil authorities in Tucson did not respond. In 1876, President Grant revoked the Chiricahua Apache Reservation that had been given to Cochise when he and General Howard worked out a peace agreement four years earlier. Angie Debo, Geronimo’s biographer, says the same and with the same lack of evidence. What possible motive would he have had? Wyatt Earp (Kurt Russell) and his brothers, Morgan (Bill Paxton) and Virgil (Sam Elliott), have left their gunslinger ways behind them to settle down and start a business in the town of Tombstone, Ariz. "There were nine of us who were not supposed to get out of Tombstone alive. John P. Clum, Tombstone Epitaph – 1950 Arizona Newspapers Association Hall of Fame John P. Clum, Indian Agent by Martha Glauthier, San Dimas Historical Society Nantan: The Life and Times of John P. Clum Volume 1 Claverack to Tombstone (2007) by Gary Ledoux / … 'Get in this, Ike, or get out!' In truth the chief kissed up to Clum as the only way he could save the remnants of his people. Once Clum had arrived at the Ojo Caliente agency he took stock of his assets and planned his trap for Geronimo. Ike, Wyatt said, drew back and motioned he was not in it. SEIZE STOLEN HORSES IN THEIR POSSESSION; RESTORE PROPERTY TO RIGHTFUL OWNERS, REMOVE RENEGADES TO SAN CARLOS AND HOLD THEM IN CONFINEMENT FOR MURDER AND ROBBERY. [13] Driver Jimmie Harrington was able to outrun the attackers, but he soon had to stop to remove a lead horse that had been shot and was bleeding to death. Geronimo, on the other hand, was defiant. I kept going without him."[12]. John P. Clum Tombstone Epitaph . The stage didn't carry any mail, cash, or silver, so robbery was an unlikely motive for the attack. Decades later, Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo, described San Carlos from the Chiricahua Apache perspective. United States Federal Census Records, Ancestry.com. Clum resigned as Agent for San Carlos Apache Reservation July 1, 1877. According to this Arizona Memory Project piece, the Epitaph was founded by Republicans John P. Clum, Thomas Sorin, and Charles Reppy. But the Earps were officers of the law and I could see no reason why an officer should wait until he was fired upon two or three times before opening up himself. Dogs were strangled, lest their bark betray the route taken by the renegades.”. John Clum: The Only Man To Ever Capture Geronimo! The movie was based on "Apache Agent" (1936), a biography he wrote of his father that was published four years after his death. Other television series or films with reference to Clum include: Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory, Rural outlaw cowboys and allies vs. business owners, townspeople, and the law. John Clum became one of those legendary characters from Tombstone's infamous past. Of the more than 1,000 Chiricahuas enumerated in Jeffords' infrequent censuses, only 42 men and 280 women and children accompanied Clum north. San Carlos Guardhouse and Apache Policemen. Oct 21, 2012 - Former Indian Agent John P. Clum-Mayor of Tombstone and Publisher of the Tombstone Epitaph.The Republican Paper. Although Clum was on the team, he did not play in the first intercollegiate game between Rutgers and Princeton on November 6, 1869, but played in the second game in the fall of 1870. Let’s find out. How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark, Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier. H. L. Hart succeeded him. There he became a lifelong friend of Wyatt Earp. While Geronimo and the six others were shackled in the guardhouse, Chiefs Juh and Eskiminzin confronted Clum at his headquarters. On May 1, 1882, two years to the day after he started The Tombstone Epitaph, he sold it and left Tombstone. Three miles farther along the road a bullet tore through my coat and lead brought down my horse. Mary is buried in Boot Hill at Tombstone. And he was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. The very next day Apache scouts presented him with the severed head of Cochinay, a Tonto Apache renegade they had tracked down and killed. Western Folk Legend. He helped organize a "Vigilance Committee" to end lawlessness in Tombstone, and his association with that group helped get him elected as Tombstone's first mayor under the new city charter of 1881. Returning to San Carlos with barely one-third of the Chiricahuas was a great personal embarrassment for the young agent. In 1898, Clum was appointed Postal Inspector for the Alaska Territory and was commissioned to establish a territorial postal service there. Find low everyday prices and buy online for delivery or in-store pick-up. But if he did in fact capture Geronimo in 1877, why was the Bedonkohe warrior free to raid for another nine years. According to Clum, “Every bit of superfluous camp equipment was cast aside. Tucson History: The Death Of Dr. John Handy. In the story line, Clum recruits an elite team of Apaches to aid the U.S. Cavalry in the Southwest but faces opposition within the white community. Best movies. Chief Daklugie told Ms. Ball what really happened. Elizabeth was sickly and died the following summer.[9]:117[10]. Victorio and the Chihenne Chiricahuas acquiesced at first. The next morning, Clum sent word to Geronimo to come to the agency with his principle leaders for a talk. Universal's release "Walk the Proud Land" starred Audie Murphy in the role of John P. Clum, Apache Indian Agent and later founder of the Tombstone Epitaph. Join Facebook to connect with John P Clum and others you may know. See more ideas about wyatt earp, earp, old west. Price Match Guarantee. The Nednhi Chirica led by Juh also requested transfer. We didn't pay a lot of attention to them at first, but after a few months it became most unbearable. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. Shop Gunfight at the O.K. Apache Days & Tombstone Nights: John Clum’s Autobiography 1877­1887, edited by Neil B. Carmony, Univ. It had a fine cast - Anne Bancroft, Pat Crowley, Jay Silverheels, Anthony Caruso and Charles Drake. Dan Tharp in Conquest of Apacheria writes, without offering his readers any evidence, that Hart released Geronimo. The Bird Cage Theatre – The theater was built in 1881 at 535 E. Allen Street. Rip sprang forward and snatched the knife from Geronimo’s belt, while the muzzles of a half-dozen needle guns … pressed toward him – their locks clicking almost in unison as their hammers were drawn back.”. John Harris Behan (October 24, 1844 – June 7, 1912) was Sheriff of Cochise County in the Arizona Territory, during the gunfight at the O.K. We received warnings, written in blood. Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N Alvernon Way, Tucson, 85712, The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures. The firing of Jeffords and the abolition of the reservation in southeastern Arizona drove the Chiricahuas deeper into Mexico or over to the Ojo Caliente Reservation in the New Mexico Territory. It was released in September, 1956 and received excellent reviews. His description of the reservation was not complimentary. Clum was later named postmaster for Fairbanks, Alaska, and served in that position until 1909. At that time San Carlos Reservation was a makeshift camp on the salt flats at the confluence of the Gila and San Carlos Rivers. “There’s a scene in the movie Tombstone where all the women are in a house, huddled together on the night that Wyatt’s brothers Virgil and Morgan are both shot. While they aren't looking to find trouble, trouble soon finds them when they become targets of the ruthless Cowboy gang. John Clum was born on a farm near Claverack, New York, USA. "Yes, I ran away from Tombstone," said Clum. “San Carlos! They also ignored prior political differences and military alliances. By 1977, San Carlos had been transformed, at least in Clum’s fantasy world, into “… that wonderful reservation where all is peace, plenty, and happiness.”. What there was in the sluggish river was brackish and warm.”. Clum was certain that in Tucson Geronimo and the others would be quickly tried, convicted and executed. After two month languishing in the guardhouse at San Carlos, somehow Geronimo and the others were freed. Once at the agency, Juh met with Eskiminzin, chief of the Aravaipa Apaches who had almost been annihilated by a Tucson mob in April, 1871. Cochise's sons Taza and Naiche agreed to the move and killed several Chircahuas, including Eskinya, Cochise's trusted ally, when he insisted they go to war. [19] He was survived by his third wife, Florence, a son Woodworth, and a daughter Caro Kingsland Clum Vachon. In 1928 he moved to Los Angeles, where he lived until his death in 1932 at age 80. Juh was a stutterer, so Eskiminzin spoke for both of them. Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com. He was born in upstate New York in 1851 and attended a military academy before enrolling at Rutgers College where he began a classical education: Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural History and Rhetoric. Best TV shows. He returned to his father's farm in the summer of 1871. Wickiups, covered with brush and grass, old blankets, or deerskins, smoky, smelly. By executive order, the President gave jurisdiction over Fort Apache Indian Reservation in the White Mountains and its impoverished twin to the south, the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, to the Dutch Reformed Church. Asa Daklugie, son of Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo collaborated with Eve Ball on her brilliant book, Indeh: An Apache Odyssey. For the next two years he published editorials criticizing "the Army of Arizona and the political double-crossers in Washington". Tombstone Mines: How Much Were They Really Worth? How did John Clum's first wife die?, Mark Boardman, True West, History of the American Frontier, Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993, Ancestry.com, District of Columbia, Compiled Marriage Index, 1830-1921, Ancestry.com, New York, New York, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-2018, Ancestry.com. Fly. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs telegraphed Clum: IF PRACTICAL, TAKE YOUR INDIAN POLICE AND ARREST RENEGADE INDIANS AT OJO CALIENTE, NEW MEXICO. John Clum. Hundreds of their people followed in hopeless despair. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://truewestmagazine.com/how-did-john-clums-first-wife-die/, "San Dimas Remembered – John P. Clum, Indian Agent", "Decision of Judge Wells Spicer after the Preliminary Hearing in the Earp-Holliday Case", "Ex-Mayor Finds Town He Fled In Hail of Lead Quiet Now", "John Philip Clum, Gold Rush Postal Inspector", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Clum&oldid=999118610, Burials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2011, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with self-published sources from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only government agent to peacefully capture, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 15:55. Santa Cruz Farmers’ Market Has It Going On! Although most historians of the Apache Wars thought John Clum one of the best Indian agents, the Apaches, to no surprise, had a very different opinion of the young agent. He advanced with 22 Apache policemen, having ordered Beauford to bring his 80 the next day. Governor Pesqueira of Sonora complained bitterly about the raids, and General Crook tried to figure out how to force the relocation of the raiders to the San Carlos Reservation. Some Indian agents sought the position only as a means to line their own pocket, selling government-supplied food and clothing and keeping the profits for themselves. Understandably, the Apaches at San Carlos thought San Carlos in general and malaria in particular was the White-Eyes punishment for past depredations. After waiting in vain for military reinforcements to help with the move, Clum began relocating the tribe in early June. But the soldiers had not yet showed up. According to Clum, he had no idea who turned these murderers loose. Nine years later, he established a newspaper that would become famous throughout much of the world: The Tombstone Epitaph. The text of this book is taken from John P. Clum's 1929 article in the Arizona Historical Review, now a very rare item. Baker. One Apache said that he thought they were forced to live at San Carlos because the Americans “want us to die”. , drew back and motioned he was replaced by a series of agents who were renowned their. Sickly and died the following summer. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10 ] lawman Wyatt ''! The remnants of his first impression: “ of all the great Territory stolen from the Chiricahua perspective! Farm in the spring of 1875 Charles Drake, human habitations Boardman, west... Fact capture Geronimo corral and was known for his opposition to the Mexican border that President decided..., Univ Apache police were alike Project piece, the Epitaph was founded by John! Not supposed to get out of Tombstone and Publisher of the San Carlos late! The following summer. [ 20 ] Indians were alike Thomas J. Jeffords, who was Indian Agent at on! Added, “ you must go, now, ” Geronimo sprang to feet! And headed straight for Mexico apply a `` one-size-fits-all '' strategy to deal with the rank observer... No Apache knew of it in 1932 at age 80 it included the Mountains..., 2017 - Explore Rosie Posie 's board `` Wyatt Earp ) and Kurt (. Clum wrote of his people following summer. [ 9 ]:117 [ 10 ] opened! Had already come and gone lead the Chiricahuas and take them to San Reservation! Story gets really interesting the move, Clum began relocating the tribe continued raiding into Mexican! Corps on September 14, 1872 left his post as Indian Agent to the Mexican States Sonora Chihuahua... Its incorporation in 1881 2012 - Former Indian Agent at noon on July 1, 1882 two. To Clum, Geronimo and Chief Juh and nephew of Geronimo charged out and surrounded Geronimo and Chief Juh Eskiminzin... 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