How can natural resource extraction and exploitation support inclusive, accountable and broad‐based development? This provided a framework for questions to directly address the post‐2015 discussion and feed into some of the major areas identified globally. What are the development and accountability impacts of the increased role of and funding provided by philanthropists and philanthropic foundations? Such initiatives, however, may have adverse unintended consequences and pay too little attention to questions of distribution and inequality (Peet, Watts and Robbins, 2010). Research questions are intimately bound with hypothesis testing, available data, and methods of analysis - each must correspond to the other elements. Research Questions. How can the rights of geographically remote and/or mobile social groups be integrated and promoted in national development agendas? What are the most effective policies and mechanisms (from local to global) that combat human trafficking? The 100 questions presented here address a varied combination of long‐standing problems that have hindered development for decades as well as newer challenges. How can local governments with limited budgets respond to the needs of fast growing metropolitan areas? Research within sustainable development is characterised by its broad nature, and cannot normally be carried out within a single discipline. What investment mechanisms strengthen rural people's land rights and promote the diversification of food systems? What effective social safety nets will be needed to protect men, women and children from chronic poverty and future threats linked to climate change? Sustainable development require the active participation of all sectors of society and all types of people. What are the most effective methods and programmes for engaging men and boys as allies in combating all forms of violence against women and girls? Indeed, a substantial number of questions did not fit any of the initial 11 themes and generally focused on broader issues around the politics, practices and institutions of development itself and the need to rethink and reform them. Over the past 20 years, the commodification of ecosystems and their services (for example, Costanza et al., 1997; Heynen et al., 2004; Brockington and Duffy, 2011) has dominated environmental policy debates and fed into the design of compensation and incentive mechanisms aiming to address economic development and natural resource conservation at local and regional levels. Which inclusive innovation? How are marginalised groups accessing and using information and communication technologies to produce and use data in ways that strengthen their empowerment? What support or alliances do women leaders and politicians need in the Global South and how can they best be provided or enabled? Although individuals and organisations based in Africa, Latin America and Asia‐Pacific proposed about a quarter of all questions submitted to the consultation, we witnessed relatively low response rates (~5%) from the wide range of organisations and individuals that were invited to take part during the consultation phase. Low‐ranking questions were discussed first. What are the most effective approaches to ensure the wider public pays attention to, and acts on, early warnings related to natural hazards? What social and political coalitions are associated with equitable growth and poverty reduction? The value of these kind of research exercises ultimately relies on the ability of a variety of stakeholders to reach consensus around a set of research priorities put forward by large group of actors. Environmental Sustainability; Food Security, Land and Agriculture; Energy and Natural Resources, Governance, Rights and Participation; Conflict, Population Dynamics and Urbanisation; Economic Growth, Employment and the Private Sector; Development Politics, Practices and Institutions. Blockchain is fundamentally a technology of trust, but transformative possibilities to benefit society more broadly are emerging. On the second day of the workshop, the sessions considered two or three of the nine themes jointly. What are different types of activities or projects that fall under sustainable development? For example, well‐established concerns about the rights of women, and of vulnerable groups such as poor workers, small‐scale farmers, people with disabilities, children and ethnic minorities feature alongside emerging issues, including the role of business in protecting human rights, and information and communication technologies as tools for empowerment and social integration. Ensuring the development of new inclusive models of growth and reforms to the international financial system are crucial dilemmas facing an increasingly globalised, but highly segmented and unequal, global economy. We thus contribute to the provision for our future. Over the last two decades, globalisation and a reconfiguration of the global political economy that has strengthened the role of both private actors and emerging sovereign actors such as China and India, have reshaped international co‐operation frameworks and dramatically changed the context in which development stakeholders operate. Small‐scale farmers whose markets serve the needs of urban areas also form a large proportion of the world's poor and hungry, highlighting areas for both conflict and conciliation between socioeconomic and environmental concerns. A Suite of Field Manuals for Marine Sampling to Monitor Australian Waters. How do different actors and agencies deal with conflicts between competing rights’ categories and rights’ holders, and how can these conflicts be addressed? Budget constraints and logistic (visa and travel‐related) problems impeded higher participation from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Identifying future research directions for biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainability: perspectives from early-career researchers. View Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Topic areas that were recognised as being entirely absent were set aside and addressed by rephrasing closely relevant questions or formulating new questions. But, perhaps more centrally, we believe that these questions can act as starting points for debate, research and collaboration between academics, practitioners and policy‐makers. Catalyzing Development through ICT Adoption. 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