Bes later came to be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad. Bes was a household protector, becoming responsible – throughout ancient Egyptian history – for such varied tasks as killing snakes, fighting off evil spirits, watching after children, and aiding women in labour by fighting off evil spirits, and thus present with Taweret at births. Bes was a widely worshipped deity in ancient Egypt and was believed to be the deity of music, merriment, and childbirth. According to the myth, Osiris was a king of Egypt who was murdered and dismembered by his brother Seth. Nov 7, 2015 - Bes or Bisu Bes may have been an imported Egyptian god, possibly of Nubian origin. Osiris, one of Egypt’s most important deities, was god of the underworld. Amulet of Bes; 1070–712 BC; faience; height: 3.7 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City), Bes and Beset; 664–332 BC; limestone; height: 31.7 cm, width: 22.5 cm; Louvre, Cypriot statuette of Bes; late 6th – early 5th century BC; limestone; overall: 14 × 8.3 × 7 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Statuette of Bes; 525 BC; bronze; overall: 8 × 3.5 × 2.2 cm; Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, Ohio, USA), Cosmetic container; 525–404 BC; faience; height: 9.2 cm, width: 4.4 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Stela of Bes; 4th century BC-1st century AD; painted limestone; height: 38.7 cm, width: 17.7 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Bell in the form of Bes; 332-30 BC; cupreous metal; height: 6.3 cm, diameter: 4.6 cm; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fresco from the Temple of Isis in Pompeii depicting Bes, in the Naples National Archaeological Museum (Italy). Bes was a protector god who helped in childbirth and promoted fertility. Bes may have been a Middle Kingdom import from Nubia or Somalia,[2] and his cult did not become widespread until the beginning of the New Kingdom. Ornaments of the god were often placed around the home to protect the inhabitants and bring happiness. He was a complex being who was both a deity and a demonic fighter. He does not appear to be Egyptian at all, but where he does come from his largely unknown. He was portrayed on mirrors, ointment vases, and other personal articles. Bes does not look like he is Egyptian. In Egyptian mythology, Sekhmet (/ ˈ s ɛ k ˌ m ɛ t / or Sachmis (/ ˈ s æ k m ɪ s /), also spelled Sakhmet, Sekhet, Sakhet, or Scheme, among other spellings), is a warrior goddess as well as goddess of healing.She is depicted as a lioness.She was seen as the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. Like the hippopotamus god Taweret, Bes was the protector of women in childbirth. Bes was the ancient Egyptian god of protection of pregnant women, newborn babies and the family. The character of Bes filtering down to us through the ages may have influenced religious behavior around the Mediterranean, culminating in cults such as Pan the goatish god and Bacchus. [citation needed], Images of the deity, quite different from those of the other gods, were kept in homes. Egyptian God Bes on a Canvas Vintage Swiss Military Bag Satchel - Hand Painted - Cleaned and Sanitized clpstudio. Bes: Egyptian God of Marriage and Fertility God Bes was worshiped in ancient Egypt as the protector of homes, mothers, children, and childbirth. [citation needed], At the end of the 6th century BC, images of Bes began to spread across the Achaemenid Empire, which Egypt belonged to at the time. To the ancient Egyptians, Bes was a friendly, protective god. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The name Bes is now used to designate a group of deities of similar appearance with a wide variety of ancient names. In later myths, Bes came to represent positive energy and goodness. [4] After the Third Intermediate Period, Bes is often seen as just the head or the face, often worn as amulets. Weingarten, Judith, "The Arrival of Bes[et] on Middle-Minoan Crete". Bes (Bisu, Aha) was an ancient Egyptian dwarf god. Over time, the image of Bes became more Persian in style, as he was depicted wearing Persian clothes and headdress. [citation needed]. From shop clpstudio. While the female variant had been more popular in Minoan Crete, the male version would prove popular with the Phoenicians and the ancient Cypriots. [citation needed] Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Although seen as a repulsive shabbily clad bandy-legged dwarf, Bes is one of the best. In time he would be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad. Images of him were also found during the Persian Empire, when he gradually came to be depicted in Persian clothes and headdresses. It is unknown why demons were present or what role Egypt played in the conflict. Worship of Bes spread as far north as the area of Syria and as far west as the Balearic Islands (Ibiza) in Spain, and later into the Roman and Achaemenid Empires. Amun was originally a local … Images of Bes have been found at the Persian capital of Susa, and as far away as central Asia. Many instances of Bes masks and costumes from the New Kingdom and later have been uncovered. I realized part of Bes’ uniqueness among his fellow Egyptian gods is that, aside from cow-eared Hathor, Bes is the only other deity depicted face-on. And nightmares. The god’s figure was that of a grotesque mountebank and was intended to inspire joy or drive away pain and sorrow, his hideousness being perhaps supposed to scare away evil spirits. Bes, the family god, protected children from the dangers of snakes and scorpions. Myths are…, Ancient Egyptian religion, indigenous beliefs of ancient Egypt from predynastic times (4th millennium bce) to the disappearance of the traditional culture in the first centuries ce. Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Myth, a symbolic narrative, usually of unknown origin and at least partly traditional, that ostensibly relates actual events and that is especially associated with religious belief. During the time of his worship, Bes was associated with more prominent Egyptian gods such as Amun and Hathor. In Ancient Egypt, peoples worshipped several dwarf deities, the most important of which was Bes. Bes was particularly popular among women and children. He was a guardian against snakes and misfortune. Modern scholars such as James Romano claim that in its earliest inception Bes was a representation of a lion rearing up on its hind legs. Bes (also spelled as Bisu) was an Egyptian god worshipped in the later periods of dynastic history as a protector of households and in particular mothers and children. Although he began as a protector of the pharaoh, he became very popular with every day Egyptian people because he protected women and children … Contrary to the usual rule of representation, Bes was commonly shown full-faced rather than in profile, since full-faced figures were marginal to the normal, ordered world. He was a dwarf wearing a lion's skin. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Bes, a minor god of ancient Egypt, represented as a dwarf with large head, goggle eyes, protruding tongue, bowlegs, bushy tail, and usually a crown of feathers. He is like gods found in other parts of Africa. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Bes is an Egyptian god of play, war and recreation. Later the Roman name Ebusus was derived from this designation. ... Ra, the sun god. Amun was the ancient Egyptian god of the air, sun and the sky. Normally Egyptian gods were shown in profile, but instead Bes appeared in full face portrait, ithyphallic, and sometimes in a soldier's tunic, so as to appear ready to launch an attack on any approaching evil. After the child … Unlike the other Egyptian gods and goddesses, who were depicted in noble positions and likenesses, Bes was usually pictured to be a dwarf with a large head, stumpy legs and a generally ugly look. Corrections? This Bes figure is made from glazed earthenware and measures approximately 10cm x 5cm. The rest of the pantheon are always shown in profile. Let’s take a look at the god of fertility and his role in Egyptian mythology. He protected households, mothers and children from disease and evil spirits. He was envisioned as a "full-faced, bow-legged dwarf with an over-sized head, goggle eyes, protruding tongue, bushy tail and usually a … For historical background and detailed dates, see Egypt, history of. He is into Home Protection, Children, Music and Mirth and can even come in amulet form as a talisman against evil spirits. These settlers, amazed at the lack of any sort of venomous creatures on the island, thought it to be the island of Bes (<איבשם> ʔybšm, *ʔibošim, yibbōšīm "dedicated to Bes"). Titles : God of Dwarves, Protector of Households, God of Pleasure. Omissions? Yet the Christians cast him as alien and disturbing in order to demonstrate the triumph of the new faith over older customs. The cult is thought to have originated in Nubia, modern day Sudan. He brought good luck and good health to all that honored him. [citation needed], Later, in the Ptolemaic period of Egyptian history, chambers were constructed, painted with images of Bes and his wife Beset, thought by Egyptologists to have been for the purpose of curing fertility problems or general healing rituals. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, Bes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In time he would be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad. To scare away demons during birth, Bes would dance around the room, shaking his rattle and yelling to scare away demons that might put a curse on the child. This household deitywas also the god of music, dance and pleasure. A dwarf with lion features, little Bes’s job was to look after babies and mums. The Egyptians put a statue in their room or a carving over their bed to protect them from bad dreams. Bes (also spelt as Bisu) was an Egyptian deity worshipped in the later periods of dynastic history as a protector of households and in particular mothers and children. See more ideas about egyptian gods, egyptian, ancient. Egyptian religious beliefs and practices were…. Within the Egyptian pantheon, Bes was a domestic god, comparable to the sphinx-like deity Tutu and the hippopotamus goddess Tawaret. Third Intermediate Period. An Egyptian god Bes also known as Bisu was the protector of pregnant women, children and the households. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Husband to Taweret, the goddess of childbirth, he stands at the side of Ammon-Ra ready to bestow good fortune on those who deserve it. History: (Egyptian Myth) - Bes is the son of the ancient sky-god Ammon-Ra, the first ruler of the gods of Ancient Egypt, and Maat, the goddess of truth and judgment. Bes was the god of dreams, luck, dancing, and he was the protector of the household and its belongings. In general, he was considered the defender of homes, performing tasks such as preventing poisonous snakes from entering homes, caring for children and helping women in their tasks. Yet others think the theory that the crude drawing of a god shows Bes is insane – why would an Israelite site hail the minor Egyptian deity. Bes, a minor god of ancient Egypt, represented as a dwarf with large head, goggle eyes, protruding tongue, bowlegs, bushy tail, and usually a crown of feathers. In the early years of Egyptology, it was generally believed that Bes emerged as a god only during the Middle Kingdom period, but later studies indicated that the cult of the dwarf deity existed at the dawn of the Old Kingdom. The latter was the goddess of childbirth, dancing and music. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bes, stone relief at the Temple of Hathor, Dandarah, Egypt. In Egyptian mythology, Bes was the god of fertility and childbirth. He was possibly the brother of Khonshu and Montu, sons of Ammon-Ra and Amaunet, as was Ptah. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bes was primarily the protector of childbirth. The gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt were an integral part of the people's everyday lives. Bes was shown fighting demons in World War 2, a conflict that was started between the Greek Olympian gods. The god’s figure was that of a grotesque mountebank and was intended to inspire joy or drive away pain and sorrow, his … Amun. What a guy! Upon death, Sekhmet continued to protect them, bearing them to the afterlife. This dog-faced deity was the god of embalming and the dead. Bes definition: an ancient Egyptian god represented as a grotesque hairy dwarf : the patron of music and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples He scared away demons from houses, so his statue was put up as a protector. While the great gods - Amun, Osiris, Isis - were keeping the universe intact and were only accessible through the Egyptian king , domestic gods were helping the humans. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He also protected against scorpion bites. Bes was believed that he must be originally from either African or Semitic because of his appearance which is very different from the Egyptians. Bes met the Earth Force when they tricked Grog into taking them to Seth's dimension. His cult is archaeologically attested since the 12th Dynasty (c. 1991–1802 BC). He also symbolized death, resurrection, and the cycle of Nile floods that Egypt relied on for agricultural fertility. Bes was the god of fertility in ancient Egyptian belief. In later historical periods, Bes became known and worshipped among the Phoenicians and the Cypriots. Bast or Bastet. In the New Kingdom, tattoos of Bes could be found on the thighs of dancers, musicians and servant girls. He was associated with music and with childbirth and was represented in the “birth houses” devoted to the cult of the child god. [3] The Balearic island of Ibiza derives its name from the god's name, brought along with the first Phoenician settlers in 654 BC. He was a god of war, yet he was also a patron of childbirth and the home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing. It is distinguished from symbolic behaviour (cult, ritual) and symbolic places or objects (temples, icons). In: Jana Mynárová, Pavel Onderka, and Peter Pavúk (ed.s): https://www.scribd.com/document/386263952/VYGUS-Dictionary-2018-pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bes&oldid=993083077, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bes appears, as part of the delegation of Egyptian gods, in, Bes is a friend and helper to the heroes in, Bes is an important character in the books of the saga, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 18:18. Bes was a household protector, becoming responsible – throughout ancient Egyptian history – for such varied tasks as killing snakes, fighting off evil spirits, watching after children, and aiding women in labour by fighting off evil spirits, and thus present with Taweret at births. Bast is usually shown with a feline head or ears on a woman's body or as a (usually, … Bes was a unique god. As such, Bes was thought to be a protector of children, and depictions of him were frequently seen in the bedrooms of ancient Egyptian households. Bes is a member of the Ennead, an extra-dimensional race of beings once worshiped by the people of Ancient Egypt, and the god of luck and probability. Updates? Description: Bes is a very unusual god. These show considerable wear, thought to be too great for occasional use at festivals, and are therefore thought to have been used by professional performers, or given out for rent. The name Bes is now used to designate a group of deities of similar appearance with a wide variety of ancient names. He resembles gods found in central and southern Africa, and his function is very much like that of the Fool Shaman. 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