For years, Ron Daniel taught through the Bible chapter by chapter, verse by verse. Scholars are in agreement that scientific and industrial inventions are not mentioned here. He should conform when circumstances make conformity the only safe (for him) and wise course. If you have friends or colleagues who need similar resources, we encourage you to refer them to the FREE StudyLight.org. If it is to be understood of a mere man, I should think the sense was this; of all the men that have been ensnared and taken by an adulterous woman, but one of a thousand have I observed, and perhaps Solomon has respect to himself, that was ever recovered out of her hands; but a woman among all those have I not found; that is, among all the harlots and adulterous women I ever knew or heard of, I never knew nor heard of one that was ever reclaimed from her evil ways, and reformed or became a chaste and virtuous woman: he may have respect to the thousand women that were either his wives and concubines, and, among all these, he found not one that deserved the above character; for this is not to be understood of women in general, for Solomon must have known that there have been good women in all ages, and perhaps more than men; and that there were many in his days, though those with whom his more intimate acquaintance was were not such, which was his unhappiness; and his criminal conversation with them is what he lamented and repented of. or, "why shouldest thou be desolate"F26"Ne quid desolaberis?" Light is sweet, and it is pleasant for the eyes to see the sun. 2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart. This means that, "No one can change, with a view to improving it, what God has determined shall be.". ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, "A good name is better than precious oil", "It is better to go to the house of mourning", "The heart of fools is in the house of mirth", "Better is the end ... than the beginning. God supernaturally endowed Solomon with great wisdom; but that cannot be a guarantee that everything Solomon either said or did was invariably correct. Though it may be better, with others, to understand it of anger in them expressed against sin, in faithful though sharp rebukes for it; which, in the issue, is more beneficial than the flattery of such who encourage in it; see Proverbs 27:5; for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better: when the sadness is not hypocritical, as in the Scribes and Pharisees, but serious and real, arising from proper reflections on things in the mind; whereby the heart is drawn off from vain, carnal, and sensual things; and is engaged in the contemplation of spiritual and heavenly ones, which is of great advantage to it: or by the severity of the countenance of a faithful friend, in correcting for faults, the heart is made better, which receives those corrections in love, and confesses its fault, and amends. 3:9-10); whereas God makes everything beautiful in its … Referring either to all that he had been discoursing of hitherto in this book, concerning the vanity of natural wisdom and knowledge, of pleasure, power, and riches; or to the several useful instructions given in this chapter, particularly concerning patiently bearing everything from the hands of God or men, Ecclesiastes 7:8. pattern in the first half of this chapter is exactly the same as that followed by Solomon in his Proverbs (Proverbs 15:16; 8:11; and 3:14). Honor. ; lose thy sense and reason, as persons who study the knowledge of things they have not a capacity for: or why shouldest thou become foolish in the eyes of all men by thy conduct and behaviour? Ecclesiastes, Study Guide - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for online browsing and downloading. Many of the statements in this part of Ecclesiastes are very similar to sayings of Solomon in Proverbs. Exceptions to any valid principle do not negate it. " This is exactly what the servants of Adolph Hitler pleaded as their excuse for operating the death camps for Jews during World War II. Ovid. Like ראה and ירא, so שׁם and שׁמן stand to each other in the relation … "Extortion maketh the wise man foolish" (Ecclesiastes 7:7). The Targum interprets it, the wisdom of the law, or the knowledge of that; but much more excellent is the wisdom of the Gospel, the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom; the knowledge of which, in an experimental way, is preferable to all earthly inheritances: but this with an inheritance is good, yea, better than without one; for wisdom, without riches, is generally overlooked and despised in men; see Ecclesiastes 9:16; when wealth, with wisdom, makes a man regarded; this commands respect and attention; as well as he is in a better condition to do good, if willing to share, and ready to distribute; and by it there is profit to them that see the sun; mortals in this present state, who are described as such that see the sun rise and set, and enjoy the heat and light of it, receive much advantage from men who are both wise and rich: or, "and it is an excellency to them that see the sun"; it is an excellency to mortals and what gives them superiority to others, that they have both wisdom and riches. Here again we have a disputed verse. ; See Gill on Ecclesiastes 2:26; to whom he gives his grace and is acceptable to him; such an one as Joseph was shall escape the snares and nets, the hands and bands, of such a woman; or if fallen into them, as Solomon fell, shall be delivered out of them, as it is observed by various interpreters: nothing but the grace of God, the true fear of God, the power of godliness and undefiled religion, can preserve a person from being ensnared and held by an impure woman; not a liberal nor religious education, not learning and good sense, nor any thing else; if a man is kept out of the hands of such creatures, he ought to esteem it a mercy, and ascribe it to the grace and goodness of God; but the sinner shall be taken by her; a hardened and impenitent sinner, that is destitute of the grace and fear of God; who is habitually a sinner, and gives up himself to commit iniquity; whose life is a continued series of sinning; who has no guard upon himself, but rushes into sin, as the horse into the battle; he becomes an easy prey to a harlot; he falls into her snares, and is caught and held by her; see Proverbs 22:14. Jarchi's note is. It meanders, with jumps and starts, through the general messiness of human experience, to which it is a response. ", "Take not heed unto all the words that are spoken" (Ecclesiastes 7:21) "... thine own heart knoweth" (Ecclesiastes 7:22). To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, and the day of death than the day of one's birth, for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better, For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so, for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning this, God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him, yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand, for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all, Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken, For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth, that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others, I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness, And I find more bitter than death the woman, Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not, but a woman among all those have I not found, Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright. (Ecclesiastes 7:10). He cannot find out by wisdom that which is far off and exceeding deep. Ecclesiastes 7. It was the moderate wickedness of Adam and Eve (What's the harm in eating a little fruit?) Ecclesiastes 7:13 in all English translations. The Targum is, "be not over righteous at a time that a sinner is found guilty of slaughter in thy court of judicature, that thou shouldest spare and not kill him;'. Not only was the Teacher wise, but he also imparted knowledge to the people. Ecclesiastes 7 Wisdom. They will try everything out for themselves; they will discover their own religion; they will choose what is wise, etc., etc. v. 241. . de Nupt. The book ends by giving some biographical facts about Qoheleth and a summary of his message. no man, though ever so good, is perfect on earth, or free from sin; see 1 Kings 8:46. Enjoy the good things that God has given, submit to his sovereignty in your life, value difficult things over pleasant things, remember that there will be contradictions to the law of retribution, and deal wisely with the unjust. " "Going to the house of mourning is useful because the living are confronted with the fact that death is also their own destiny; and it is certain. That God has set the days of prosperity and adversity side by side so that man cannot predict the future; but, of course, HE CAN PREDICT THE FUTURE. In the day of prosperity be joyful, and in the day of adversity consider; yea, God hath made the one side by side with the other, to the end that man should not find out anything that shall be after him. This simply means, "Honor is better than vanity. ESV Study Bible, Hardcover. . So the Midrash interprets it of one that goes out of the world with a good name, considering this clause in connection with the preceding, as many do. "The Hebrews had no word for conscience, and they used heart as an equivalent. Ecclesiastes 11:7-9 Light is sweet, and it is pleasant for the eyes to see the sun. Surely extortion maketh the wise man foolish, and a bribe destroyeth the understanding.". Behold, this have I found,.... That a harlot is more bitter than death; and which he found by his own experience, and therefore would have it observed by others for their caution: or one man among a thousand, Ecclesiastes 7:28; (saith the preacher); of which title and character see Ecclesiastes 1:1; it is here mentioned to confirm the truth of what he said; he said it as a preacher, and, upon the word of a preacher, it was true; as also to signify his repentance for his sin, who was now the "gathered soul", as some render it; gathered into the church of God by repentance; counting one by one, to find out the account; not his own sins, which he endeavoured to reckon up, and find out the general account of them, which yet he could not do; nor the good works of the righteous, and the sins of the wicked, which are numbered before the Lord one by one, till they are added to the great account; as Jarchi, from the Rabbins, interprets it, and so the Midrash: but rather the sense is, examining women, one by one, all within the verge of his acquaintance; particularly the thousand women that were either his wives or concubines; in order to take and give a just estimate of their character and actions. Ecclesiastes 7 1 A good name is better than fine perfume, and the day of death better than the day of birth. As Psalms 90 eloquently states it: "So teach us to number our days, that we may get us a heart of wisdom" (Psalms 90:12). Others, of spiritual defects in such who walk in crooked ways, and are hardened in them; who can correct them, and make them other ways, if God does not give them his grace to convert them, and soften their hard hearts? Note: "The view is that, in certain situations in life, it is advisable and right for a man to compromise in his actions and decisions. ; took a circuit, a tour throughout the whole compass of things; looked into every corner, and went through the circle of knowledge, in order to search and find out what true wisdom is; which is no other than Christ, and a spiritual knowledge of him; a variety of words is used to express his eager desire after wisdom, and the diligent search he made, from which he was not discouraged by the difficulties he met with; see Ecclesiastes 1:13; and the reason of things; either in nature or providence: or the estimationF9חשבון "estimationem rerum", Mercerus. "These verses reflect the writing of Genesis 4:21ff, and Genesis 6:1ff. Ecclesiastes 7:1. " We might paraphrase it by saying, "A good reputation smells better than the most expensive perfume.". These verses are an appeal to man's conscience. "There is not a righteous man ... that sinneth not" (Ecclesiastes 7:20). Grow At Gbc Through Fellowship (2019 V.) Series Contributed by Chuck Sligh on Feb 2, 2019 | 4,772 views. The argument of Ecclesiastes does not flow smoothly. This is dressed to those who thought the former days better than the present, and were ready to quarrel with the providence of God, Ecclesiastes 7:10; and are therefore advised to consider the work of God; not the work of creation, but of providence; which is the effect of divine sovereignty, and is conducted and directed according to the counsel of his will, and is always wisely done to answer the best ends and purposes: everything is beautiful in its season; contemplate, adore, and admire the wisdom, power, and goodness of God, displayed therein; it is such as cannot be made better, nor otherwise than it is; for who can make that straight which he hath made crooked? Today, there are men who take this same approach. But it is better for you if you go to a funeral.. Solomon is still contrasting the house of mourning with the house of joy; but this does not mean that Christians should not attend such things as wedding feasts and other joyful celebrations. Servium in ib. Panegyr. Some understand this of political and punitive justice, exercising it in too strict and rigorous a manner, according to the maxim, "summum jus saepe summa injuria est"F23Terent. The Targum is. Denomination: Free Methodist. either by living too strictly and abstemiously, or by studying too closely, or by behaving in such a manner to men, as that they will seek thy destruction, and bring it on thee: or "why shouldest thou", or "whereby", or "lest, thou shouldest be stupid"F25למה תשומם "ut quid obstupesces?" ; consider from whence affliction comes; not out of the dust, nor by chance, but from God, and by his wise appointment; and for what it comes, that sin is the cause of it, and what that is; and also for what ends it is sent, to bring to a sense of sin, and confession of it, and humiliation for it; to take it away, and make good men more partakers of holiness: or, "look for the day of adversity"F20ראה "praecave", V. L. "praevide, aut provide ac prospice", Drusius; so Gussetius, p. 766. ; even in the day of prosperity it should be expected; for there is no firmness and stability in any state; there are continual vicissitudes and changes. In Biblical times, funeral celebrations lasted several days; and the `house of mourning' here refers to such celebrations. The end is better, because at that time we can form a right judgment about a matter. On justice and wickedness (Ecclesiastes 7:15–24) 3. than to go to the house of feasting: the Targum is, "than to the house of a feast of wine of scorners;'. Solomon is still contrasting the house of mourning with the house of joy; but this does not mean that Christians should not attend such things as wedding feasts and other joyful celebrations. Solomon did not need to gather such information as this from what he had seen in his `days of vanity.' 4. ; and SchultensF24De Defect. 9 q Rejoice, O young man, in your youth, and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth. In spite of these scriptures, we find it very hard to believe that Solomon had anything like that in mind. The second remedy for the perplexities of the present life is cheerfulness - the spirit that enjoys the present, with a chastened regard to the future. "Illecebrosius nihil fieri potest", ib. His viewpoint here seems to be like that of a tribe in Thrace mentioned by Herodotus, "Who bewailed the birth of a child because of its entry into the trials of life, and celebrated death as a joyful release from life's trials. Here once more Solomon virtually repeats a proverb he gave in Proverbs 14:17, "He that is soon angry will deal foolishly.". 2 It is better to go to a house of mourning than to go to a house of feasting, for death is the destiny of every man; the living should take this to heart. Maxim. As a student, graduate or team member of MIUD you have at your disposal a large collection of online Bible study tools and resources. Oppression is an attack on the wise from the outside. Some interpret this of original sin, or the corruption of nature, evil concupiscence, which draws men into sin, and holds them in it, the consequence of which is death eternal; but such who find favour in the eyes of God are delivered from the power and dominion of it; but obstinate and impenitent sinners are held under it, and perish eternally. We believe the key is in the second clause (Ecclesiastes 7:7b). Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Better is a name than precious ointment; and better is the day of death than the day when one is born." "Man has corrupted himself by seeking out evil things and doing them. This was the issue of his diligent studies and researches, and the observations he had made; this was what he found by sad and woeful experience, and which he chose to take particular notice of; that he might not only expose this vanity among others, and caution men against it, even the love of women, which at best is a bitter sweet, as the poetF11Musaeus, v. 166. " In fact, Proverbs 8:11 declares that wisdom is so valuable that nothing on earth may be compared with it. "House of feasting" (Ecclesiastes 7:2). Or rather, by this one of a thousand, is meant the, Messiah, the Wisdom of God, he sought for, Ecclesiastes 7:25; and now says he found; to whom he looked for peace, pardon, and atonement, under a sense of his sins; who is the messenger, an interpreter, one among a thousand; yea, who is the chiefest among ten thousands, Job 33:23; who is superior to angels and men, in the dignity of his person; in the perfection, purity, and holiness of his nature; in the excellency of his names; in his offices and relations; and in his concern in the affairs of grace and salvation; and who is to be found by every truly wise and gracious soul that seeks him early and earnestly, in the word and ordinances, under the illumination and direction of the blessed Spirit. Fab. Proverbs 22:1 is like Ecclesiastes 7:1, here. There is a warning in this passage against going to extremes in anything. Looking at life through better and worse. de 4. All things have I seen in the days of my vanity,.... Or, "all these things"F21את כל "illa omnia", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Tigurine version, Gejerus; "omnia haec", Mercerus; "universa haec", Rambachius. Looking at life through better and worse. OUTLINE I. Acts 4. When we walk through an empty house, we may see possibilities for it, but because it is empty, it is not a warm, accepting, and welcoming place. The end of a wicked ruler's reign is, of course, better than the beginning of it. Retail: $49.99. 7. " Of course, that is exactly what some radical scholars say that the passage means. Man Cannot Always Find Out Which Route is the Most Successful for Him to Take Because His Wisdom is Limited (Ecclesiastes 7:1–8:17) 1. Here's a summary of Ecclesiastes 6-7. and compares it with Isaiah 66:24; It may be observed, that there is a set time for each of these, prosperity and adversity; and that the time is short, and therefore called a day; and the one is good, and the other is evil; which characters they have according to the outward appearance, and according to the judgment and esteem of men; otherwise, prosperity is oftentimes hurtful, and destroys fools, and adversity is useful to the souls of good men; God also hath set the one over against the other; they are both by his appointment, and are set in their proper place, and come in their proper time; succeed each other, and answer to one another, as day and night, summer and winter, and work, together for the good of men; to the end that man should find nothing after him; should not be able to know what will be hereafter; what his case and circumstances will be, whether prosperous or adverse; since things are so uncertain, and so subject to change, and nothing permanent; and therefore can find nothing to trust in and depend upon, nothing that he can be sure of: and things are so wisely managed and disposed, that a man can find no fault with them, nor just reason to complain of them; so the Vulgate Latin version, "not find just complaints against him"; and to the same purpose the Syriac version, "that he may complain of him"; the Targum is. For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the look this also is vanity. he hardens whom he will, and who hath resisted his will? As for the reasons why there are exceptions, we discussed this thoroughly in the Book of Job; but the summary of them is: (1) the activity of Satan, (2) freedom of the human will, (3) the primeval curse upon the earth for Adam's sake, (4) the element of `time and chance' happening to all men. Wrote that, `` riches and wisdom are always inexpugnable to mortals ; ' and doing them by.! The countenance, the end of ecclesiastes 7 studylight wicked ruler 's reign is, `` who can pursue them with greediness! He should conform when circumstances make conformity the only safe ( for him ) and wise course and many `. Feast in Cana and made eighty gallons of wine to aid the celebration,! Man upright ; but they have sought out many inventions '' ( Ecclesiastes ). Ecclesiastes are very similar to sayings of Solomon in Proverbs 2:14 ; 5:3,4, etc..... 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